Advance Usage of Https Cookies

Posted By : Richa Sharma | 31-May-2021

Modern applications are becoming complex day by day, and most of them use cookies to store at least some user information. The most common usage is for storing  user session information. Apache JMeter has a powerful config element, the HTTP Cookie Manager, to handle the storing automatically. Simultaneously , the Cookie Manager also has a variety of features and properties for handling other tasks as well. Some of the advanced uses of the JMeter Cookie Manager will be described in this blog post.

Creating a Basic Script with Jmeter cookie manager 

  1. Add a thread group

 

Test plan -> Add -> Thread (Users) -> Thread Group

 

 

Set the Value to 2 in the loop count field because in order to show the cookies passing through iterations. 

 

  1. Add the Http Cookies manager Element

 

Thread (Users)  -> Add -> Config Element -> HTTP Cookie Manager

 



 

  1. Add an Https request which opens the Login Page 

 

Thread Group -> Add -> Sampler -> HTTP Request

 

Fill in the following values:

  • Name: Login page
  • Server Name or IP: Stage.oodleslab.com
  • Path: zuul/api/v1/auth/login?email=maneesh@oodles.io&password=Dash@123&rememberMe=false

 

  1. Add another request which opens the Reset Password Page 

 

Thread Group -> Add -> Sampler -> HTTP Request



 

Required values:

 

  • Name: Reset password page
  • Server Name or IP: blazedemo.com
  • Path: password/reset

 

  1. Add a Listener

 

Thread Group -> Add -> Listener -> View Results Tree

 

As we check the cookie data of each request. The ‘Login page’ request on the first iteration has no cookies. All the other requests have cookie data in the request header. This means that the cookie is passing from the response to the next request, and it isn’t cleared when a new iteration starts.

 

The HTTP Cookie Manager Config Element

 

Custom cookies 

User-Defined Cookies are an interesting feature made possible with the HTTP Cookie Manager. Saved cookies in this section are added to each request in the current Thread Group. It is valuable for passing information to the server. For example, you can pass the name of the Test script with custom cookies. In such a case you could distinguish JMeter script requests from the real users on the server.

 

  1. Add a row to the User-Defined Cookies section of the HTTP Cookie Manager config element.

 

Fill in the following parameters:

  • Name: TEST
  • Value: RICHACOOKIE
  • Domain: stage.oodleslab.com

 

  1. Run the Script

 

All requests have a cookie with the name ‘TEST’ and the value ‘RICHACOOKIE’. 

 

Cookie Manager Properties

 

  1. CookieManager.allow_variable_cookies property

This property defines if a variable is allowed in the User-Defined cookies section. This can be used to provide information to the server. For example, by sending a request with cookies that contain a local date/time, the server can identify the local time of the user.

 

Example

 

Set the value of  the custom cookie to ‘${__time(EEE\, d MMM yyyy)}’ in the User-Defined Cookies section.

When CookieManager.allow_variable_cookies=true, the value will be interpreted as a variable.

 

When CookieManager.allow_variable_cookies=false, the value will be interpreted as a string.

 

  1. CookieManager.save.cookies property

This property defines if cookies are stored as variables. This property can be used to get information from server cookies, to make the script more sophisticated. This also depends on the scenario, obviously. For example, let’s say the purpose of a script is to run a load test when the system has 1000 items created. Cookies from the server have information about the number of created items in the system. 

Example :

 

Add a parameter to the ‘Login”’ request.

Fill in the values:

  • Name: VAR
  • Value: ${COOKIE_XSRF-TOKEN}

 

When CookieManager.save.cookies=true, the variable VAR has the value of the XSRF-TOKEN cookie.

When CookieManager.save.cookies=false, the variable VAR has the string value ‘${COOKIE_XSRF-TOKEN}’.










 

About Author

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Richa Sharma

Richa has a good knowledge of Software Testing field. She believes in continuous learning and completing the work with full dedication. Apart from that she loves to sketch.

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