Building Cross Platform Apps with Dart and Flutter
Posted By : Khushboo Arora | 29-Nov-2019
The proliferation of mobile apps has increased the demand for frameworks that support the smooth functioning of an app. Flutter is one such framework that is known to improve the functioning of an app.
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Let’s understand why Google Choose Dart in Flutter’s development.
Ahead of Time (AOT): Dart is ahead of time compiled to be fast and predictable in native code development. It makes Flutter apps perform exceptionally faster. It also facilitates customization of virtually everything including the widgets.
Just In Time (JIT): Dart accelerates software development cycles making it easier for developers to deliver apps within the deadlines.
Works Individually: Dart individually works for Flutter. It prevents Flutter from using separate declarative languages such as XML, JSX, and other interface builders.
- Completed Layout: Dart provides the complete layout in one language, making it easier for Flutter to equip progressed tools making the layout a snap.
- Easy to Learn: In comparison to other programming languages, Dart is easy to learn and get started with. It has features that are similar to static and dynamic languages.
Oodles Technologies Flutter app developers use Dart to provide fast and flexible apps that require 70% of less coding in the development of web and mobile apps.
Dart Characteristics that make it ideal for Flutter development
Compilation and Execution: Computer languages are divided into two groups
Static Languages: Fortran or C - variables are typed at compile time. Assembled to generate native machine code programs for the specific machine. These machines were executed at run time by the hardware.
A virtual machine (VM) is an advanced interpreter that imitates a computer hardware machine in software. Developers use a VM to port a language easily to new hardware platforms. In such instances, a virtual machine’s input language is generally intermediate language. For instance, a programming language like Java is assembled into an intermediate language (bytecode) and then performed on a VM.
Dart offers just-in-time (JIT) compilers. It runs at the time of the execution of the program, performing on the fly.
Dart members work on advanced compilers and VM before starting the work on Dart for dynamic languages or static languages. Such experiences enable members to experience Dart’s flexibility with compilation and execution.
Dart is one of the programming languages that support the compilation of both AOT and JIT. Supporting both compilations provides various advantages to Dart and Flutter.
Just in Time compilation is used at the time of development with a fast compiler. When the app is ready to be released it is compiled Ahead Of Time. Using the advanced tools and compilers, Dart delivers very fast execution, fast development cycles, and startup times.
Essentially dart is a compiled AOT, JIT that is transpiled or interpreted with different languages. Dart’s execution and compilation are fast and flexible.
Stateful Hot Reload
Flutter has an extremely fast hot reload. Using the JIT compiler Flutter reloads and continues code execution in less than a second. It retains apps state across reloads as and when possible so that an app starts from where it has left.
Sub-Second Stateful Hot Reload
Dart’s provide Flutter app developers exceptionally fast hot reload. It boosts the developers’ creativity and changes the way they develop their apps.
Creating fast apps with smooth functionality makes it easier for users to browse through an app. Various programming languages make fast animation in an app jerky whereas Dart provides a smooth interface to avoid jank. Developers can write a janky app in Flutter but with Dart, developers become more predictable. It gives developers control over the smoothness of an app they are creating. User interfaces created with Flutter run at 60fps which makes it an ideal fast cross-platform framework for app development.
AOT Compilation and the “Bridge”
Dart’s AOT compilation with native machine code provides a smooth functionality with no pauses during runtime to execute JIT compilation and analysis. AOT code is more predictable than JIT.
Even compiled codes sometimes require an interface to talk to platform code. It creates a bridge that has a magnitude faster than the bridge required by a dynamic language. Dart enables the movement of widgets into the app which results in a reduced need to go over a bridge.
Flutter apps are compiled with Dart to add more flexibility to the apps. Dart makes apps fast and easier to operate. We at Oodles Technologies provide mobile app development solutions using frameworks like Flutter, Kotlin, Node.js, React.js. React Native, and more. For app development solutions contact us today!