Posted by Bharat Bhushan Dhalla | Last Updated: 26-Dec-18
In recent years, internet apps have influenced our lives by proffering convenience to purchase, trade, receive anything we wish to, in just a few minutes. All of the well-known applications like WhatsApp, Facebook, and in fact, most of them come under the same bracket of Centralized Apps. The question arises, why these apps are called as centralized apps is because of the back-end server which contains the data pertaining to a single entity owning these applications and it’s data. These applications are existing from a longer period of time, they have their own restrictions and problems. In spite of this, DApps or decentralized applications work on a P2P network and also their code base is available for other developers as an open source for accessing and customizing it. It’s not governed by a single owner. Today, I’ll give you a thorough understanding of the decentralized application.
Also Read: Rise Offers User Friendly DApps For Everyone
For an application to be called as DApp, it must satisfy the following criteria
a) DApps do not have a centralized server. Here data is stored in each ledger or block, throughout the network.
b) Apps should save its data Cryptographically as a decentralized blockchain.
c) Decentralized applications should use Cryptography tokens for editing anything.
d) DApps runs on a mechanism of mutual consensus.
Advantages of using DApps
a) In DApps, there is a particular node for managing data transaction and data records in the Peer-to-Peer decentralized framework. There is no single point of breakdown in DApps. Its dispersed behavior supports it completely.
b) It limits web-based Censorship as there is no centralized administration governing the DApps network. So, it is logically impossible for a user to alter the data sets in his own favor. It’s impossible for any government organization to block any of the DApps because the application does not lie on a single I.P. address due to its decentralized nature.
c) As it’s not based on a particular entity, it enables users to have trust on decentralized application framework against data fraud and manipulation.
Disadvantages of using DApps
a) It’s not simple to resolve an issue in decentralized applications because every single peer of the network should update the fixes. This comes out as a challenging task.
b) A huge number of centralized applications are doing user verification, it is easier for them as they have single administration who is managing it. But with DApps, this becomes very challenging as no particular entity or system is responsible to do any checks and verification.