Continent based traffic routing using Nginx and GeoIP

Posted By Shiv Pujan Maurya | 30-Jul-2018

My client wanted me route traffic in such a way that when a customer access somedomain.com from Africa then it must redirect him to somedomain.africa.

I looked for many blogs but did not find all the things at one place so I am representing everything required for this.

 

I am using nginx 1.14.0 which is the current latest at time of writing but this will work for other versions also.

 

Step 1: Instal nginx

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nginx/stable
sudo apt update 
sudo apt install nginx

 

Step 2: Download source code and compile nginx --with-http_geoip_module headers  

Since we installed nginx with apt ,and the default nginx does not include the required headers  will have to download the source code of nginx and recompile it with --with-http_geoip_module.

Download tarball

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.14.0.tar.gz

Extract tarball

tar -zxvf nginx-1.14.0.tar.gz

Download the source code for module that needs to be compiled

git clone https://github.com/openresty/headers-more-nginx-module.git

 

Get the current header of nginx
 

nginx  -V

 

Compile the code with headers

cd nginx-1.14.0
./configure --add-dynamic-module=./headers-more-nginx-module  < paste the header you copied using nginx -V > 
make modules
sudo apt install  libgeoip-dev


Step 3: copy obj.so to /etc/nginx

sudo cp objs/ngx_http_headers_more_filter_modules.so /etc/nginx/modules

 

Step 4: add let the nginx know of the updates  by adding below line in nginx.conf before http

Load_module modules/ngx_http_headers_more_filter_modules.so

Step 5: Download the geoip.dat from maxmind

sudo mkdir /etc/nginx/geoip
cd /etc/nginx/geoip

 

Go to https://dev.maxmind.com/

Download city database, you can also download country database if you want to play with countries, in my case I need continent code which is in city database.

wget http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLiteCity.dat.gz 
Gunzip GeoLiteCity.dat.gz

 

Step 6:  edit your nginx file that contains server info

 vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/default
#Add the following line outside server block

geoip_city  /etc/nginx/geoip/GeoLiteCity.dat;

#In the server block add geoip_city_continent_code to check for continent code 

geoip_country /etc/nginx/geoip/GeoIP.dat;
geoip_city /etc/nginx/geoip/GeoLiteCity.dat;

server {
         server_name somedomain.com;
         listen 80;
         root /var/www/dist;
         index index.html;

         if ($geoip_city_continent_code = AF){
         return 301 http://somedomain.africa;
              }
         location / {
                  try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;
                  }
 }

  

Save and exit

 

Important Note : The maxmind database is free up to jan 2019 only after that you need to buy the same.

 

Step 7: chek and reload the nginx service

sudo nginx -t  &&
sudo service nginx reload

 

 

Now get connected to any vpn in African country which is not free and check the redirection by visiting your browser.

Please also have a look at risks of if command at  https://www.nginx.com/resources/wiki/start/topics/depth/ifisevil/

Thank You, Have a Great Day.

 
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